Lake Erie is the warmest of all the Great Lakes, but it also freezes more than other lakes. It is the fourth largest lake when measuring the surface, with 25.700km2, and the smallest in the volume of water, with 484km3. Lake Erie touches four Federal States states: New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan and the Canadian province of Ontario. Buffalo, NY, is located at the east end, and Toledo, Ohio, is located at the western end. As the southernmost of all the Great Lakes, most Erie Lake waters flow through the River Detroit from the upper lakes, the Superior Lake, the Michigan Lake, and the Huron Lake as well as the tributaries, such as the St. Clair and Lake St. Clair. Jezero Erie has a resemblance to the tail, which is reflected in the name, derived from “erielhonan”, on the Iroquoian word for the long tail. The lake is about 388 km long, 92 km wide and has 1,402 km of coast, including the islands.
Due to its southernmost position, Lake Erie is the warmest of all the Great Lakes. Although temperatures reach 29 ° C, the water temperature is generally between 21 ° C to 24 ° C during the summer months, making Erie Lake a popular recreational area. During winter, the water temperature reaches to freezing, and the lake is freezes more than other Great Lakes due to its superficiality. Its average depth is 19m and its maximum depth is 64m. The water level is from 7.6 m to 9.1 m in the most beautiful area of the lake, so that strong winds can strike for strong winds. Originally, several harbors on the lake were formed in natural bays, and most of them are at the mouth of the stream, which are improved with protective columns and breakwater and dredging to accommodate large lake ships. The industrial economy of the lake coastal area largely depends on the transport of water.