The Russian lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world, it deserves to be on the list of lake attractions. It is popularly known as the “blue Siberian eye.” The name is quite logical because the transparency of the water reaches up to 40.2 meters, out of a total of 1,741 meters, which were measured as the deepest point of this body of water. It is also counted as the deepest “crypto-depression” (a depression filled with water, whose surface is above sea level and the bottom is below sea level) in the world. The origin of the lake is still a topic of scientific debate.
It has the shape of a crescent. With a total volume of 23,000 cubic meters of pure fresh water, it represents 20% of the world’s total drinking water supply.
In the period from January to May, during the winter, the surface of the lake is covered with ice crust, as thick as 1 meter, which, due to the purity of the water, remains completely transparent. Since 1996, Lake Baikal has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
This area is characterized by a strong, unpredictable and watery wind called “sarma”. The strength of this wind is reflected in one short story. In September 1902, a steamer named “Alexander Nevsky”, sailing on the lake, towed three barges carrying fishermen with their families, returning home after the fishing season was over. Unexpectedly, the “sarma” blew so violently that the captain of the steamer issued an order to immediately cut the massive rope that was pulling the load. The last one, out of a total of three, ran aground on a sandy shoal, so people survived thanks to that, and the other two crashed against the rocks of Cape “Kobilja glava”. Sarma took 172 lives that day.