The highest lake in the world is Titicaca in South America and is located at 3,812 meters above sea level.
Lake Baikal in the Asian part of the Russian Federation is the oldest lake (about 25 million years), and also the deepest (about 1700 m) lake in the world. It is administratively located in two administrative units, in the Irkutsk region and in the Buryat region. The water of Lake Baikal is used for drinking. During the winter, when the entire surface of the lake is covered with a thick ice crust, ice cubes are cut and distributed for sale in the surrounding settlements. Also at that time (from January to May), the lake is used for car, truck and other transport. Due to the size of the lake, it is unlikely that you will come across another car, so driving is quite safe. The ice is 30 cm deep and up to several meters.
Point Lake, Canada: The lake contains extremely high concentrations of various salts and minerals, and depending on the current depletion and the amount of a certain mineral, the color of the “stain” on the lake also depends.
The lowest lake in the world is the Dead Sea, which is located between Israel and Jordan. It is located 399 meters below the sea surface and is descending more and more. The Dead Sea is a salt lake from which water does not flow. It is 600 square kilometers in size, which lies in a depression as the final lake. It is part of the Jordan Trench and is the northern continuation of the so-called of the great East African ditch. The water surface in the lake is usually stated to be about 396 m below sea level. In reality, the level, due to significant drying, has been at more than -400 meters for several years. The latest Israeli maps (2005) already indicate a level of -418 m. Thus, the shores of the Dead Sea are the deepest freely accessible surface on Earth. The Dead Sea is the lowest lake on Earth, but it is not the deepest at the same time. The bottom of the lake is at -794 m above sea level.
Lake Titicaca, at 3810 meters above sea level, is the highest lake in the world where commercial navigation is possible. With an area of about 8,300 square kilometers (65 km wide and about 194 km long), Titicaca is the highest freshwater lake in South America. Located high in the Andes on the border of Peru and Bolivia, Titicaca has an average depth of between 140 and 180 meters, and a maximum depth of 280 meters. The western part of the lake belongs to the region of Peru, while the eastern side is in the area of La Paz in Bolivia. Titicaca gets its water from rains and melting glaciers in the mountains (so-called sierras) above the Altiplano.