Commercial and sport fishing are important agricultural activities in the Great Lakes region. Commercial fishing began to develop significantly by 1820 catch fish. Annually 65 million pounds of fish are fished and this contributes more than 1 billion dollars to the Great Lakes economy. Mostly hunted are salmon, sloth, lake trout and others. However, commercial fishing shows signs of decline due to pollution and destruction of habitats of domestic fish species. Sport fishing is a great tourist attraction that also contributes to the region’s economy. Sports fishing contributes about $4 billion and is more important than commercial. Thanks to sports fishing, some invasive species such as salmon are inadvertently introduced.
As for forestry in the Great Lakes region, it begins to evolve during immigration
people in this region. The period of creation of the first settlements in this region was characterized by massive cutting and deforestation in order to obtain land for agriculture and for the construction of houses and barns. Most of the wood is simply burnt. Since 1830, commercial harvest has begun forests in Upper Canada, and then in Michigan, Minnesota and Wisconsin. The woods were cut in the winter.
Paper production contributed to the pollution of the Great Lakes in the early 1970s due to some ingredients that were used, and later these ingredients were excluded from production. Due to intensive exploitation, and less rehabilitation, the forest is
getting smaller and it affects the disturbance of the landscape, the activation of the erosion process, and the loss of fertile land that irreversibly relates to watercourses.
The wood was initially driven by dikes, and then by specially designed ships. At first, the white pine tree was the most exploited. These trees reached 60 meters in height, and each tree contained 10 cubic meters of timber.
This wood was extremely demanded for shipbuilding and construction. As for the paper industry, it began to develop in 1860. It was developed in Green Bay and the United States became the world’s producer of cellulose and paper at the time. Today, this production also occurs in the Great Lakes region.